Fruit Garden | Fruit garden will make you rich

Fruit garden

Take good care of these things for good production. Fruit garden

2 hours before planting the plant, soak the wrapped clump of grass and the plastic bag in water for a short time to remove the air in it, so that the soil of the clump does not spread while planting the plant.

If you are also preparing to plant fruit orchards such as mango, guava, pomegranate, you can avoid losses by taking care of a few things from the start. Also you can get a good production.

Farmers can make good profits by planting fruit orchards, but planting orchards without knowledge can also mean a loss for them. Therefore, the garden should be planted in a scientific way after taking full information.

plans | Fruit garden

Most fruit trees are for a long time. Gardens should therefore be planted in a way that provides benefits, is pleasant to look at, requires less maintenance, keeps the trees healthy and makes full use of the resources available in the garden. The layout of the garden should be such that each fruit tree can be given the right place to spread out and there is no unnecessary space and all amenities can easily reach each tree. For the production of fruit, irrigation arrangements, soil and climate, etc. must be correct. There must also be workers and technical personnel to work in the garden.

Country selection:

Before planting new plants in the garden, have the soil tested, deep, loamy or sandy loam soil is good for fruit gardens. There should not be a hard layer deep in the ground. There must be sufficient manure on the land and there must be good drainage facilities. Fruits such as ber, amla, lasoda, dates and belpatra should be planted in saline and alkaline soil.

Plant selection:

Always choose the varieties of plants in the garden according to your region, which garden in your region will be well prepared. Pomegranate, Mango, Papaya, Cranberry, Amla, Lemon, Sweet lime, Malta, Orange, Pomegranate, Bael, Ber and Lasoda etc fruits can be grown easily. Mango, papaya and grape orchards should not be planted in those areas where there is more frost. Lasoda and berth trees should be planted in areas of extreme heat and heat stroke. Seasonal, orange and kinnow trees should be planted in areas with excess moisture.

Some kinds of special fruits. Fruit garden

  • Amla: Krishna, Kanchan, NA 7, Anand 1, Banarasi
  • Guava: Lucknow 49, Akarmridula, Allahabadi Safeda, Redfleece
  • Limes: Kagzi, Perennial, Pant Lime, Vikram, Permlin
  • Ber: Gola, Sev, Umran, Mundiya
  • Pomegranate: Ganesh, Arakta, Mridula Sinduri
  • Mangos: Dussehri, Dussehri 51, Langda, Totapuri, Kesar, Hapus
  • Papaya: Coorg, Honeydew, Pusa Majesty, Pusa Nanha, Honeydew, Pusa Delicious, Redlady
  • Grapes: Thomson Seedlance, Arka Krishna, Arkashyam, Beauty Seedless, Parlet
  • Dates: Halavi, Khardavi, Shamran, Barhi

Plant wind-resistant trees next to the farm

For protection against hot and cold winds and other natural enemies, native mango, jamun, vine, mulberry, khirni, native amla, kaitha, custard apple, gooseberry, tamarind, etc. fruit trees should be planted around the field are planted. This will generate some income and the farm will be protected from hot and cold winds. If the area of ​​​​the garden is smaller, these trees can only be planted in 1 or 2 rows in a north and west direction. Keep in mind that the roots of these trees go into the garden and use up the nutrients, reducing the yield of the garden. To avoid this, the roots should be cut off by digging a 3-foot deep trench between the yard and the fence once every 3 years.

Irrigate before planting the garden. Fruit garden

Before planting the garden, it is important to pay attention to how the irrigation will be done. Drip irrigation method should be used in water shortage areas, saving both water and labor and increasing the yield due to water availability for the plants as per requirements.

Irrigation drains should be taken from the center of the rows of plants and watered on both sides according to the needs of the plants. Planting irrigation directly in the row increases the chance of disease spread and weakens the first plant in the furrow. Salt or alkaline water is not suitable for all fruit trees. Fruit trees like Amla, Ber, Date, Kair, Lasoda etc. should be planted in these areas. There must be good facilities for water drainage in marshy areas.

distance from tree to tree

Fruit trees should be drawn at the correct distance. To demarcate the garden, first draw the first line half the required distance from one edge of the field. After this, observing the necessary distance for each line, draw lines in this way from both sides throughout the field and plant saplings in the marked places. The gardens should only be planted using the square method as this is the easiest method. All kinds of activities can be easily carried out here. Pits should be dug 1 month before planting (May-June) and left open for 20 to 25 days to allow germs to be killed by strong sunlight. While digging the pit, half of the top fertile soil should be kept on one side and half of the soil on the other.

Fruit garden

fill holes

After a month of digging the pits, 20 to 25 kg of well-rotted cow manure, 250 g of superphosphate, 50 g of quinalphos, 2 kg of neem cake, 250 g of gypsum if the soil is alkaline, and the soil of the pit are filled. The top soil of the field should be mixed into the mixture. Before the rain begins, the pit should be filled with the mixture by pushing it to some height from the surface of the field and enough water poured in so that the soil of the pit settles well. Planting should only be done after 2 to 3 good rains, as far as possible.

Transplanting planting material | Fruit garden

Saplings purchased from the government and good nurseries should be planted in prepared pits. Transplanting should be done in July-August in the evening. 2 hours before planting the plant, soak the wrapped clump of grass and the plastic bag in water for a short time to remove the air in it, so that the soil of the clump does not spread while planting the plant. Before planting the plant, the wrapped grass and plastic bag should be slightly removed from the soil mass and the roots should be completely protected. The location of the patch on the plant and the point of attachment of the branch should be kept 25 cm above ground level. Support the plant if necessary so that the plant does not bend. Irrigate after planting the plant and continue watering as needed. Continue to remove the branches coming out from under the patch and diseased branches.

irrigation after planting

  • Plants need more water for the first 2 months. At this time, watering should be done with an interval of 2-3 days.
  • The time between 2 irrigations depends on the place, the season, the soil, the type of fruit, the time of fruiting, the climate, etc.
  • If it rains continuously during the rainy season, no watering is necessary.
  • Irrigation should be done at an interval of 10 to 15 days in the winter season.
  • Irrigation should be done with an interval of 7 to 10 days in the summer season.

Correct regulation of the water drainage. Fruit garden

Watering the garden less than necessary reduces tree growth, while watering more than necessary also causes damage. Excess water supply causes the soil to become soggy and plant food to go to the lower soil layers. Due to the high amount of water in fruit, the sweetness decreases and the taste is lost. Therefore, excess water must be removed from the field immediately. The water level of the garden should be 2 to 3 meters lower.
(Assistant Agricultural Officer in Pintulal Meena, Sarmathura, Dhaulpur, Rajasthan.)

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